Answers to the Divine Call
I. Abraham, Abraham!
II. Moses, Moses! Ex. 3
III. Jacob, Jacob! Gen.46
IV. Samuel, Samuel! I Sam. 3
** God’s call-
1. Name repeated twice represents intimacy, mercy.
2. Attributes of God. Exodus 34… Second mention of Hashem, means the even after someone has sinned. God mercifully accepts his repentance. Divine Mercy.
3. My God, My God. . . Saul, Saul. . . Martha, Martha. . .
** Here I am.
1. Here I am, represents total willingness to do the will of the caller.
2. denotes humility and readiness.
** Heaven Test- one that forces a person to choose between God’s will and his own nature of understanding of what is right.
1. Forced to subordinate his wishes and wisdom to those of God.
2. Demonstrates conviction.
3. displays to the world, how a great man obeys God.
** Slow revelation- two reasons-
1. Avoid giving a sudden command, lest ____ be accused of complying in a state of shock, disoriented confusion.
2. Slow unfolding makes the commandment more precious to ___, by arousing curiosity and rewarding him for complying with every word of the command.
3. Slow unfolding of the identity of God.
** mounts a donkey, and goes, takes his son to the hill and is saved… salvation is here.
I. Abraham’s Call (Genesis 22)
A. (v.1) ** Abraham, Abraham, “Here I am,” he replied.
B. (v.2) “Please take your son, your only one, whom you love- Isaac – and go to the land of Moriah; bring him up there as an offering upon one of the mountains, which I shall show you.”
1. “PLEASE”- God pleaded with him to withstand this test, showing of mettle and substance. Gives value to the 9 previous tests laid upon Abraham, because if he failed this one, each of the prior were of nothing.
2. Torah states a conversation. . . “Take your son.” Which one, I have two. “Your only one!” Each is an only son of their mother. “Whom you love.” But I love them both. “I mean Isaac.” God replied. ** Slow revelation.
3. “Go to the land of Moriah”- I will show you.
a. three day journey of pain and revelation of God’s will within Abraham.
** The LOVE of God causes one to ignore personal rules of conduct.
** UNQUESTIONED OBEDIENCE TO GOD.
- Who is in authority? God over Abraham. Abraham over Isaac and Sarah.
- Who is submitting? Abraham, Isaac, Sarah,
- What are consequences? Earlier sacrifices would be without substance, not knowing God.
- What are benefits? God is glorified; God does not address Abraham again.
* Tozer- I wanted to purify the imperfections in your love.
II. Moses’ Call (Ex. 3-5)
- Moses, Moses. “Here I am,” He replied.
- Moses tried, by invoking the name of Hashem to the Egyptian before, failed.
- Moses doubts, God reassures.
1. Who am I? That Pharaoh and Israel? I will be with you.
a. unworthy and lacking in talent.
b. felt he would fail, Pharaoh or Jews would not believe.
c. Jews had not earned God’s intervention.
d. Slow of speech and tongue ** could not usurp Aaron… the kohen, Levite… Most HUMBLE of men, almost too humble. God’s anger raged, because Moses insisted that his brother should speak.
2. What is your name? – Revelation of name . . . killed Egyptian in desert.
a. Hashem- God of mercy.
b. I shall be, as I shall be. – Eternity of God.
c. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
3. What if they don’t believe? Three signs, known by the Israelites as signs.
a. Staff to snake- sign of slander against the Jews.
b. Leprosy on Hand- Punishment for slander.
c. Water to blood. – new revelation. . . water to wine.
4. Moses and Aaron reveal miracles to elders, people, then Pharaoh.
a. on the walk to pharaoh, elders fall out one by one, until they stand alone
b. Invokes the name of Hashem.
c. Pharaoh responds: Who is this God? Why would I?
1. I don’t know Him. –
2. If I did why would I? – exiling the slaves, would not be smart.
3. If I did why would I? – I am Pharoah.
5. Increases labor, no salvation revealed. Increased punishment.
a. Ex. 5.22 My Lord( not Hashem), why have you done this evil to this people, why have you sent me? From the time I came to Pharaoh to speak in your name, he did evil to this people, but you did not rescue your people.
b. Moses thought the process of redemption would be much speedier.
1. Why me?
2. Why now? Hope gone, if you planned to worsen everything.
** Pharaoh’s invincibility is temporary, Israel’s punishment is temporary.
** I am, I shall be as I shall be. Rain to fall on the wicked and just in due time.
** Blessings to increase, pain to increase, but through all God causes the increase of His glory.
- Who is in authority? God over Moses, Aaron. Pharaoh.
- Who is submitting? Moses, Aaron, Family, Israel, Pharoah.
- What are consequences? Remain in exile, slavery, NOT KNOWING GOD.
- What are benefits? Freed, empowered, god glorified, more work, THEN leadership.
** The road to leadership is paved with unselfish dedication to the people, not self-aggrandizement.
SEE ALSO, Numbers 14.21 … the glory of Hashem shall fill the world.